PDA

View Full Version : The Crucible: New England In the 1690's



Someone Somewhere
07-05-2005, 04:32 AM
New England in the 1690s

Can anyone help me by answering any of these questions?

1. What type of People Settled Massachusetts?
2. How did they survive
3. What were their main fears and anxieties
4. Any thing about their Social structures/Hierarchies?


Thankyou :)

Cd.
07-08-2005, 03:32 PM
New England in the 1690s

Can anyone help me by answering any of these questions?

1. What type of People Settled Massachusetts?
2. How did they survive
3. What were their main fears and anxieties
4. Any thing about their Social structures/Hierarchies?


Thankyou :)
1) Puritans, who were English Calivinists who were opposed to the Church of England and supported the teachings of John Calivn. Before settling New England many of these people lived in the Netherlands but were alienated by Dutch culture. Other settlers came later for economic reasons. It must be emphasised that Calivnism teaches that only the elect of God should be admitted into heaven and the sign of God's favor is material wealth, good fortune, good health and being blessed with lots of children is a vital part of Calvinistic dogma. Its no accident that Calvinists were recruited from the merchantile classes. The landed nobility and the peasantry tended to adhear to the Church of England.
2) Initially the puritians just barely survived. The US holiday of Thanksgiving was a celibration of surviving the first year. Puritans were Europeans from England and totally unaccustomed to the severe cold of New English winters. During the first winter, the Plymouth colony lost half its inhabitants. They would have lost more would it not have been for the Indians who showed the settlers how to use fish to fertilize the baren soil and other survival skills so necessary to live in the bleak climate.

Ironically the entire tribe of indians who lived in proximity to the Plymouth settlement died of disease within ten years of their first encounter with the English.
3) Survival in the hostile climate was their primary fear.

But once food was no longer a concern these people began small farms and elected town governments. Then they founded schools including the first Anglo-American university, which was later to be known as Harvard.

Being Calvinists the New Englanders became interested in trade, commerce and material wealth. The merchant classes became dominant and founded banks and trading companies. But it was the Congressional Churches which became the dominant feature in colonial New England.

Like other Godfearing people at that time the New Englanders had a literal view of the Bible and saw the Devil everywhere.

The Salem Witches trial was an act of mass hysteria which began when several girls were educated in the black arts by a Carribian born slave woman. They then confessed their "crimes" before a court and named other witches. All the "crimes" were later found to be bogus but the mass hysteria led to arrests, bogus confessions, trials and executions by hanging of suspected witches.
4) Initially colonial New England was a direct democracy in which all male adults met in town meetings. Leaders were elected and the colony was defended by a militia, in which all adult males served.

As the colonies grew and prospered the concept of democracy was put aside and the wealthier merchant classes became dominant. By the era of the Revolution, Massachusetts was essentially an oligarchy of merchants and high ranking tradesmen while the poor farmers were on the lower end of the political spectrum.

One very dominant feature of New English life was the position of the Church leaders. Calvinist clergymen were the dominant voices in this society. And since the people believed God was their soverign and supreme lord, they had no choice but to obey the words of the clergy.

Fayebelle
07-08-2005, 03:46 PM
1- The Patriots
2- Turkey
3- How to watch the Thanksgiving Foosball games w/out tv
4- Wynona Rider was Queen Bee


That is all :nice:

Dreamy
11-15-2010, 05:33 PM
1) Puritans, who were English Calivinists who were opposed to the Church of England and supported the teachings of John Calivn. Before settling New England many of these people lived in the Netherlands but were alienated by Dutch culture. Other settlers came later for economic reasons. It must be emphasised that Calivnism teaches that only the elect of God should be admitted into heaven and the sign of God's favor is material wealth, good fortune, good health and being blessed with lots of children is a vital part of Calvinistic dogma. Its no accident that Calvinists were recruited from the merchantile classes. The landed nobility and the peasantry tended to adhear to the Church of England.
2) Initially the puritians just barely survived. The US holiday of Thanksgiving was a celibration of surviving the first year. Puritans were Europeans from England and totally unaccustomed to the severe cold of New English winters. During the first winter, the Plymouth colony lost half its inhabitants. They would have lost more would it not have been for the Indians who showed the settlers how to use fish to fertilize the baren soil and other survival skills so necessary to live in the bleak climate.

Ironically the entire tribe of indians who lived in proximity to the Plymouth settlement died of disease within ten years of their first encounter with the English.
3) Survival in the hostile climate was their primary fear.

But once food was no longer a concern these people began small farms and elected town governments. Then they founded schools including the first Anglo-American university, which was later to be known as Harvard.

Being Calvinists the New Englanders became interested in trade, commerce and material wealth. The merchant classes became dominant and founded banks and trading companies. But it was the Congressional Churches which became the dominant feature in colonial New England.

Like other Godfearing people at that time the New Englanders had a literal view of the Bible and saw the Devil everywhere.

The Salem Witches trial was an act of mass hysteria which began when several girls were educated in the black arts by a Carribian born slave woman. They then confessed their "crimes" before a court and named other witches. All the "crimes" were later found to be bogus but the mass hysteria led to arrests, bogus confessions, trials and executions by hanging of suspected witches.
4) Initially colonial New England was a direct democracy in which all male adults met in town meetings. Leaders were elected and the colony was defended by a militia, in which all adult males served.

As the colonies grew and prospered the concept of democracy was put aside and the wealthier merchant classes became dominant. By the era of the Revolution, Massachusetts was essentially an oligarchy of merchants and high ranking tradesmen while the poor farmers were on the lower end of the political spectrum.

One very dominant feature of New English life was the position of the Church leaders. Calvinist clergymen were the dominant voices in this society. And since the people believed God was their soverign and supreme lord, they had no choice but to obey the words of the clergy.

Good post. Are you a history buff CD? I love the topic being from Massachusetts. A great topic to discuss also would be the Salem witch hysteria.

Dogberry
11-16-2010, 02:42 AM
Religious nutcases we didnt want mainly.

Panzerkampfwagen
11-16-2010, 05:31 AM
New England in the 1690s

Can anyone help me by answering any of these questions?

1. What type of People Settled Massachusetts?
2. How did they survive
3. What were their main fears and anxieties
4. Any thing about their Social structures/Hierarchies?


Thankyou :)


1. Witches
2. Witchcraft
3. Witch hunters
4. Covens

Pappy&Me
11-16-2010, 11:51 PM
Religious nutcases we didnt want mainly.

Couldn't be any worse than what you have now !:eek:

Your going to serve somebody be it God or man .

Pappy&Me
11-17-2010, 12:12 AM
If it had been the spanish or latinos who settled first instead of protestants ,there never would have been an America ,it would be the same kind of wastelands as the rest of the continent .

The first massacre was committed by the catholic spanish on the french colonist .

The relatives of the catholic latino hordes who are invading us today .

But its always easier to make up history than to be PI .

Arkady
11-17-2010, 01:43 AM
The Christians rounded up all the people they didn't like and burned them alive, and today they try to deny they ever did anything wrong.

That's about the crux of it all.

Pappy&Me
11-18-2010, 11:07 AM
The Christians rounded up all the people they didn't like and burned them alive, and today they try to deny they ever did anything wrong.

That's about the crux of it all.


WRONG ! Only a few were radical hypocrits who went against the Bible they preached .

I'm sure you on't even know about your own history so don't even pretend you know ours .:confused:

The Chritians brought medicine and advanced industry to the indians . The indians and spanish were slaughtering each other long before the europeans came on the scene .

Panzerkampfwagen
11-18-2010, 05:26 PM
Spanish aren't European?

Arkady
11-18-2010, 09:47 PM
WRONG ! Only a few were radical hypocrits who went against the Bible they preached .

I'm sure you on't even know about your own history so don't even pretend you know ours .:confused:

The Chritians brought medicine and advanced industry to the indians . The indians and spanish were slaughtering each other long before the europeans came on the scene .

They burned those who they believed were witches. That is what they did. 19 innocent women and children were tied to stakes and burned alive, Pappy. That is what Christians did back then. Those people died horrible, painful deaths.

All I ask is that Christians admit that they did that, they can say that most Christians are not like that, but just admit what they did, instead of trying to dismiss it, which is offensive.

Cd.
11-21-2010, 08:46 PM
Good post. Are you a history buff CD? I love the topic being from Massachusetts. A great topic to discuss also would be the Salem witch hysteria.

History is my passion in life. I especially am interested in the experiences of colonial America. Some very good reading (though biased from a left wing viewpoint) is Howard Zinn's People's History of the United States. His description of Colonial society is brilliant and it explains a lot of things that were never known before such as how racism against blacks was actually something that the English authorities fostered to keep the poorer colonists in place. I did post something before about Bacon's Rebellion.

Cd.
11-21-2010, 08:52 PM
The Chritians brought medicine and advanced industry to the indians . The indians and spanish were slaughtering each other long before the europeans came on the scene .
http://www.native-languages.org/wampanoag.htm

People: The Indians who met and befriended the Pilgrims of Plymouth, the Wampanoag tribe suffered an unhappy fate at the hands of the English. The 2000 or so surviving Wampanoag descendants still live in Plymouth county.

History: The Wampanoags are most famous for greeting and befriending the Pilgrims in 1620, bringing them corn and turkey to help them through the difficult winter and starting a Thanksgiving tradition that is still observed today. Unfortunately, the relationship soon soured. As more British colonists arrived in Massachusetts, they began displacing the Wampanoags from their traditional lands, particularly by plying Wampanoag men with alcohol and obtaining their signatures on land sale documents while they were drunk. The Wampanoag leader Metacomet, known as "King Philip" to the English, tried to get this practice outlawed, and when the British refused, a war ensued. The British won decisively, sold many of the Wampanoag survivors into slavery, drove the rest into hiding, and forbade the use of the Massachusett language and Wampanoag tribal names. Only in 1928 were the Wampanoag people able to reclaim their tribal identity.



So much for Christian love! :hmm: